Evolution of Condoms

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History of condoms

The history of condoms dates back to at least several centuries, and perhaps beyond. During the early stages that dates back prior to the 19th-century, condoms have been used both as a method of birth control and as a protective measure against sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms have been made from various materials that dates back prior to the 19th century; chemically treated linen and animal tissue (intestine or bladder) are the best-documented varieties. Rubber condoms appeared shortly after Charles Goodyear and Thomas Hancock discovered the vulcanization of rubber in the mid-nineteenth century.

Evolution of Condoms

Rubber condoms began to gain popularity in the mid-19th century, and in the early 20th-century major advances were made in manufacturing techniques. Before the combined oral contraceptive pill was introduced, condoms were the most popular birth "control" method in the Western world. During the second half of the 20th century, the low cost of condoms contributed to their significance in family planning programs throughout the developing world. The oldest condoms ever excavated were located in a cesspit in the grounds of Dudley Castle and were made from animal membrane, the condoms dated back to as early as 1642. As the medical historian Vern Bullough writes, the condom’s early history is “lost in the myths of antiquity.” Going back to 1883, a German-Jewish immigrant named Julius Schmid founded his condom company after buying a sausage-casing business. Schmid named his condoms Ramses and Sheik. During the early 1900s, Schmid was making condoms out of rubber, and his company soon became one of the highest-selling condom manufacturers in America. Schmid faced no real competition until 1916 until Merle Young started Young’s Rubber Company and created one of the most successful condom brands in history: Trojan. Journeying through the mid-1930s, the fifteen major condom manufacturers were producing one and a half million a day at an average price of a dollar per dozen”. The 1940s also witnessed the introduction of condoms made from plastic and polyurethane (both of which were short-lived) and the first multicoloured condom, created in Japan. Condom sales witnessed a massive growth until the 1960s and 70s, when “the condom went into a dramatic decline”. The competition which came out in 1960 was from the pill and from copper and hormonal IUDs, which also debuted around this time, are into its market share. The first national broadcast ad that was for Trojan condoms, didn’t air until 1991. So it should come as no surprise that, in 2017, condom ads till today are still fighting against stigmatization. So buy best conodms online in India at shycart.

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Modified on 14 Jul, 2020

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